Appendicitis

Posted by ONLINE on Friday, November 15, 2013

What is appendicitis?
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. The appendix is located in the right lower abdomen at the lower end of the colon. (See Figure 1) To this date, researchers still have not found the purpose of the appendix.








Figure 1: The Appendix
Photo Courtesy of: colonista.com



The appendix is a small sack like structure that protrudes from the colon wall. This sack can become filled with debris and colon material and become inflamed and infected. This can cause intestinal blockage and the infection can spread to the entire abdomen.

This condition is most common among older children and younger adults between the ages of 10 and 30 years of age. The symptoms can often mimic other conditions and are hard to diagnose. Many appendicitis sufferers will put off treatment too long and the complication of untreated appendicitis is sepsis, where the infection enters the bloodstream. This complication requires extensive antibiotic treatment in the hospital and can be fatal.
Any infection or inflammation in the appendix is an emergency and anyone with signs or symptoms of appendicitis must be evaluated right away. This will prevent serious complications and the spread of the infection to other parts of the body. The pus resulting from appendicitis can also spread throughout the abdominal cavity, resulting in a condition called peritonitis. (See Figure 2)







Figure 2: Inflamed Appendix
Photo Courtesy of: WebMD.com




What causes appendicitis?
It is not completely understood why appendicitis occurs. The condition may be the result of a secondary bacterial infection after someone has had a virus. Viral infections of the abdomen can cause the intestines to slow down and become blocked preventing the appendix from emptying itself. The contents then become stagnant and allow for bacterial growth. This is where many people may avoid medical care, thinking they just have a stomach virus.
Normally the appendix is able to clean itself out periodically with normal bowel movements. If the opening to the appendix becomes blocked then it can become infected quickly and the infection can spread in a matter of hours. (See Figure 3)






Figure 3: Intestinal Blockage
Photo Courtesy of: Pennmedicine.org






On rare occasion, intestinal tumors or cancer can be the cause of appendicitis. Also, abdominal surgery in other areas of the abdomen can cause scar tissue that can constrict and block the area of the appendix. This is why post-surgical patients are encouraged to stay on a clear liquid diet until bowel sounds fully return after surgery. Eating with a “sleepy” bowel can cause obstruction.
What are the symptoms of appendicitis?
Appendicitis symptoms can come slowly and be vague. This is why many people delay evaluation and treatment. The first symptom is usually pain around the belly button. Some people also experience pain in the left lower abdomen, leading them away from the thought of appendicitis. This is called referred pain. Other symptoms can include;
  • ·         Pain in the lower right abdomen 12 to 24 hours after belly button pain starts
  • ·         Minimal or no appetite
  • ·         Nausea
  • ·         Vomiting
  • ·         Low grade fever 99◦ F to 101◦ F
  • ·         Pain with coughing or sneezing
  • ·         Chills
  • ·         Diarrhea
  • ·         Constipation
  • ·         Pain on rebound when the abdomen is pressed
  • ·         Not passing gas
  • ·         Sudden pain and then relief (In cases of rupture)

These symptoms are especially serious if they follow recent abdominal surgery. This could indicate an intestinal blockage and appendicitis is a secondary infection. If you have any symptoms of appendicitis, it is extremely important not to have anything to eat or drink on the way to the hospital. They will want you fasting in case you need emergency surgery.

How is appendicitis diagnosed?

Appendicitis can be diagnosed with imaging studies such as; CT scan, abdominal x-ray and ultrasound. The doctor may also order these lab tests to check for infection and electrolyte loss due to vomiting or diarrhea:

Complete Blood Count Checks for the amount of white blood cells in the bloodstream and is a strong indicator of infection in the body. This test will help the doctor make the decision if the patient needs antibiotic treatment in the hospital prior to surgery.

Renal Panel Checks the electrolytes in the body such as; sodium and potassium. These electrolytes are lost from vomiting and diarrhea resulting in dehydration. People who lose these electrolytes need to have them replaced quickly.

Urinalysis Appendicitis and Kidney stones or bladder infections can mimic each other. The doctor will run a urinalysis to help confirm that the symptoms are truly appendicitis and not a urinary cause. This can also help the doctor see the degree of dehydration in a patient.

How is appendicitis treated?

Uncomplicated appendicitis is treated with surgery as soon as the patient is stable. If the infection has not spread to other areas of the abdomen or the bloodstream, a surgeon will remove the appendix. This is usually a quick procedure and the patient is released from the hospital within one day.

If the appendicitis becomes complicated by the spread of infection, the patient will need to be hospitalized on intravenous antibiotics until the infection is cleared. This could take days and up to weeks depending on how bad the infection became. This is usually the result of delaying evaluation and treatment.

The surgeon will remove the appendix after the infection has cleared, possible in the same hospital stay but sometimes the surgeon will allow the patient to completely recover and schedule the surgery for a date in the near future. The patient is then sent home on a clear liquid or soft diet to recover until surgery is performed.

Other reasons the surgeon may delay surgery is when the diagnosis of appendicitis is questioned. This is especially common in young children where appendicitis can be difficult to diagnose. The structures in and around the area of the appendix are so tiny that it may be hard to see on ultrasound or CT that the appendix is actually inflamed.

How can appendicitis be prevented?

The only preventative measure with appendicitis is complying with bowel rest after surgery or during a viral abdominal infection. If you have either of these conditions, it is extremely important to take only clear liquids and advance the diet slowly as bowel function returns. (See Figure 4)







Figure 4: Clear Liquid Diet
Photo Courtesy of greatredsharkblog.com




In cases where the cause of appendicitis occurs without explanation, there is no prevention. Researchers still cannot explain why many cases of appendicitis happen; therefore it is not completely clear what can be done to prevent them.

Conclusion

Appendicitis is a dangerous condition and anyone with signs or symptoms of this condition needs to be evaluated immediately in the emergency room. The appendix can rupture and cause severe complications very quickly if left untreated.


Always follow your doctor’s orders and stay on clear liquids until the bowels are functional to prevent intestinal blockage, prior to appendicitis and after having the appendix removed. With good compliance, the complications of appendicitis can be minimized.
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Best Ways to Lose Extra Pounds

Posted by ONLINE on Thursday, November 14, 2013

Many of us have had weight problems at least once in the life. When the extra pounds become a problem, each of us is trying to get rid of them and we search for the best weight loss program. We all know very well that the extra pounds influences our lives, make us lose confidence in ourselves, be ashamed of the way we look.


Nowadays there are many methods of weight loss, from food diets to slimming exercises and pills that promise to do wonders for your body. In many commercials companies promote their products as the best solution to get rid of extra pounds in no time. The temptation is great and many people get to use all sorts of products and keep all sorts of very severe food diets hoping for miraculous results. Some of these methods indeed give the desired result, making people happy at the moment because they have managed to lose weight, but after giving up the product they are amazed to notice that as quickly as they got off those pounds, they start again taking weight, sometimes more than the loss weight.

Before you decide which method you will follow to get rid of extra pounds you must be informed about that method, and nowadays information became easily accessible through the internet, with a few clicks you can find information about the results of each method and even opinions of those who used that method. It is true that every body is different and not all react the same way, but if a product is really good you will surely find more positive opinions than negative ones.

Besides the fact that you may regain the pounds that you struggled to get rid of, many of the products available on the market contain chemicals harmful to the body, so that in time may appear different diseases caused by them, or in the worst case, they can contain addictive substances. Therefore you must be very well informed about the product you want to use.

Besides this, before starting a weight loss program, you should first check which is the cause that led to weight gain because it can be a health issue and then you first have to solve this problem and then have to worry about losing weight. In addition, you can spend money on all sorts of products that should help get rid of extra pounds, but that have no effect because of the disturbance you suffer . Weight disorders may have more health-related causes such as stress or hormonal disorder caused by thyroid disease, so be wise to do some analysis before you start any weight loss program.


If you have done this, and you have no health problem, then you can search for a weight loss program that is suitable. Do not be impressed by the methods that are supposed to wonder would you get rid of a lot of pounds in a little while because as I said is not always so. The safest and surest way to get rid of extra pounds remains changing your diet and lifestyle, and of course the exercises play a very important role in this process, so if possible try to do some exercise every day, regardless if you go jog in the park or prefer to go to the gym.
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Importance of Healthy Food Consumption to Lose Weight

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Even if you don't have problems with weight, to keep you in shape and to be healthy, is good to have an exercise program for at least three times a week and have a diet that comprises a wide range of nutrients. Although everyone knows that the foods we eat are directly related to our weight and our health, not everybody knows how to combine foods so as to bring the daily intake of elements that our body needs to function at maximum capacity.

To achieve this, we must learn to eat healthier, and eliminate from our diet foods that are not beneficial to our body, and also must take care that the intake of calories is not to low or to high, calories in a maintenance diet should not exceed 2000 calories per day. If you are overweight and want to get rid of extra pounds, it is recommended that the number of calories to be about 1500 calories per day, which is sufficient for the body to function at normal parameters. You should not starve yourself in the hope that you will easily get rid of extra pounds, because it would be a shock to your body to not receive the necessary nutrients, and when you will eat something it will begin to transform food into fat deposits to prepare for the period when it will again not receive the necessary elements. So starvation is the worst thing you can do when you want to lose weight and then maintain your desired weight, because the body will fight back and when you will begin to eat normally, the extra pound that you lost till that moment, will be submitted in a greater number intro a very short period of time.

So if you want to be sure that the pounds you lose don't came back , you must have patience and try to change your eating lifestyle and not just for a short period of time but for life. Many regard this thing as a dramatic one but it is not true, you can still enjoy the small pleasures such as chocolate, but you just have to make sure the amount you eat and do so as not to exceed the recommended number of calories a day, for example, if you eat chocolate intro day, you can opt out at dinner when you can have a fruit or a yogurt, foods with a very low calorie content.
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Dry Skin Type and Essential Oils – Moisturize Your Skin without Chemicals

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Your skin is the primary line of defense of your body against bad elements and infections. If these walls of defense will fail, you’ll giving passages for those harmful infections to get in. By letting your skin dries and hydrated, you are also letting those bacteria that carry infections to get in and cause further serious problem.
Dry skin is a common skin problem in which your skin loses its fatty substance or natural lipids that gives moisture to your skin leaving it unprotected.
This may be due to the winter season, steamy showers, harsh bath soaps or the rubdown or scrubbing skin while taking a bath. However, there are some ways you can do to treat and prevent your skin from drying without using products with chemicals. Skincare products contain chemicals in it that your skin don’t need such as mineral oils and alcohols. It can clog pores that can cause skin rashes and allergies and it can also strip off your skin’s natural lipids.

Dry Skin Type and Essential Oils

 Essential oils do more than just what other skin care products do. More often than not, they have regeneration properties that stimulate cell growth which then help damage tissue to heal, nourish and moisturize, improve firmness and tighten skin. Probably reverse aging for healthy and young looking skin. The main essential oils that best do this naturally and safely are as follows:

Sandalwood Oil

Sandalwood essential oil has both antiseptic and astringent properties. It relieves itching from your dried skin and for further inflammation of it. It is also effective and in great use in treating dehydrated skin. Additionally, as an astringent, it has an effective toning effect while fighting eczema away. Leaving your skin soft by restoring its ability to retain and gives moisture.

Rosewood Oil

Rosewood oil as therapeutic properties that best use in skin care. It has balancing properties that sorts out dull, dry and oily skin. Anti bacterial property of Rosewood oil speeds up damage cell tissue healing process. It also has a cell stimulant that promotes cell regeneration process, allowing cell tissues to replace and prevent further damage on skin. This gives your skin the needed tone and softness.

Frankincense Oil

This essential oil, though one of the most expensive oil, yet it has been an important tissue healer. It can act as an anti inflammatory that reduces skin irritation such as skin rashes and further inflammation of the skin if it dries. Also, it has a soothing effect on overly dry, “flaking” skin while reducing skin redness and scaling. It improves dry patches on your skin through its rejuvenating characteristic which enhances cell production to replace damaged ones. This will make your skin nourished and healthy to look at.

 Jasmine Oil


Jasmine oil, considered to be the King of the essential oil, is suited for skin care which is ideal for all skin types. This oil is good for dry or aggravated skin. It can treat dermatitis and eczema and then offers hydration to your skin while helps reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Jasmine oil can increase your skin’s elasticity thus giving your firm, younger looking skin. 
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Before and After Sun Care using Essential Oils

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Whatever outdoor events you would like to do, either from simple gardening to adventurous vacation, most likely you will spend quite some time under the heat of the sun. Whatever season there would be, the sun is always shining brightly presently. The heat of the sun is important to our body, it stimulates the hormonal system and metabolism and good source of Vitamin D however it also can be a cause to any skin damages. Because of this, everybody else aims to protect their selves and their respective family from the damaging unhealthy effect of the sun’s heat.
As we always claim, prevention is better that cure. So, natural ways or steps are taken seriously before and after sun exposure to prevent further damages on the skin.
The light of the sun is believed to produce harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Exposure from this radiation is the main cause of fast skin aging, skin wrinkles, patched and dry skin, or worse, skin cancer. Ultraviolet radiation has two types, the type A and type B. The UVA radiation penetrates to skin more deeply compared to UVB and it can contribute to any skin problem and deficiency such as premature skin aging and wrinkling. On the other hand, type UVB can cause sunburn and has a big effect in the production of skin cells and melanoma. To somehow avoid these problems, the use of natural remedy such as essential oils are needed to be considered.

Before and After Sun Care using Essential Oils

Different essential oils can be used as an alternative pre- and post-natural sun protector due to their therapeutic properties that prevents oxidation, inflammation and yet heals the damage skin tissue speedily. Some of these best recommended essential oils to use during summer are Lavender Oil, Rosehip Oil and Seabuckthorn Oil .It is good to take note that these essential oils, aside from being blended with a carrier oil, must be used before and after sun exposure for better result.

Lavender Oil

Lavender oil is the most useful essential oils. It has a wide range of application, from its soothing and relaxing effect emotionally down to more physical benefits. It can also provide relief to damaged skin from the burning heat of the sun such as burns even without mixing it with another carrier oil. It contributes to fast regeneration of cells, thereby also promotes healing and decreases pain in the skin. Lavender oil can apply to oil type of skin and is gentle. It gives back moisture to your skin and help to retain it for a healthy looking skin without any red spots from burns.

Rosehip Oil

Rosehip essential oil is rich in essential fatty acids that help fast regeneration of skin cells and repair damaged skin cells thereby enhancing the unpleasant appearance of burns, wrinkles, marks and scars. Exposure of your skin from the sun can increase the amount level of enzymes which breaks down the collagen and elastin. However, this Rosehip essential oil is also a rich source of vitamin A or trans-retinoic acid which reduces the level and activity of these enzymes, and likely reduce the damage you get from the heat of the sun. Additionally, not only a good source of vitamin A but also a good source of antioxidants. Based on this, Rosehip essential oil protects your skin and repairs it from premature aging caused mainly by the sun. For this reason, this oil is very useful in natural skin care.

Seabuckthorn Oil


The content of Seabuckthorn essential oil is very rich in essential fatty acids, vitamin E or tocopherols, carotenes and phytosterols which are all necessary for maintaining healthy skin and body organs. These therapeutic properties made the ability of Seabuckthorn oil to rejuvenate, restore and anti age possible. This essential oil is widely used for centuries to promote recovery of several skin problems such as burns, eczema, bedsores as well as damaging effect of the radiation by the sun into your skin. The UV spectrum of Seabuckthorn oil shows that it can accommodate moderate absorption of the UVB radiation. That is why it is very important in skin care products for sun protection. It also helps prevent and repair wrinkles, any premature aging skin while making your skin nourished and revitalize.
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Essential Oils for Immune System - Boost your Resistance Power

Posted by ONLINE on Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Immune system, specifically is a structure, and not a single unit . Further, it protects our body by blocking off some different illnesses. To be able to function well, it needs stability and harmony. Since the immune system is generally essential to the body when it comes to restrain diseases, what's more is that, if the immune system is weak chances are it raises you of becoming unwell with some form of diseases.

Because of having a deprived diet, and while living in a contaminated atmosphere surely the strength of our immune system will reduce. Still, when we stress our immune system’s capacity to fight off microbes is reduced. That’s why we are more subject to infection. Good to know that essential oils have a substance composition that is related to that originate in human cells and tissues, that causes essential oils well-suited them to be enthusiastically recognized and acknowledged by the body.
Essential Oils know how to enhance the immune system by inspiring the invention of the white cell that fights virus. However, several oils can promote new cell development, which accelerate the method of medicinal and revival. In addition, the recreation brought on while applying the oils during massage or bathing alleviate anxiety and develops sleep, which is useful in developing resistance as well. So, there are various types of the best essential oil for boosting immunity.

Tea Tree Oil

A very wide variety as an antiviral/antimicrobial, it has a definite properties related to as what they call it as “challenging” benefits. These benefits are so dominant that they can facilitate boost immune system by fighting and defending your body from intruders. In addition, it hinders and destroy the expansion of bacteria, as for that reason, wounds have been manipulated with this ordinary source and remains to be successful at curing bacterial diseases. Nevertheless, it’s an outstanding basis of aid while your body’s own immune system is doing its own job and has a fundamental capability to recognize among responsive bacteria that are vital to our bodies and the bacteria that are unhelpful to our health. What's much more interesting about this oil is that it can be used while taking antibiotics.

Lavender Oil

Supports immune system capacity that’s why it is identified as “Immune Booster”. It reduces anxiety and cools us behind. Aside from being elastic and practical of all the herbs, too it has an extended record of therapeutic properties , though lots of the verification that supports the remedial use of lavender is unproven however, many found out that lavender has an antibacterial, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects. Even if it has so many remarkable benefits for one’s health nonetheless, using it frequently helps improve immune system and help defy diseases and ailments.

Boswellia Carteri Oil

Considered as a “Holy Oil”. It motivates the part of the brain that manage emotions and besides it helps the pituitary glands that construct many of the significant hormones in our body. However, this kind of oil is generally used in aromatherapy and is believed to present a range of health advantages. Other than that it possesses immune-stimulating properties that could serve as defense against cancer.
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Ashwagandha – The Wonder Plant

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Ashwagandha is a plant originating in India which has been widely used by Africans and Native Americans for treating a multitude of diseases. Ashwagandha and its secret benefits have been known for 5000 years in India and have been incorporated into an ancient system of medicine from India – Ayurveda – a holistic system of medicines which does not treat the symptoms (as most forms of medicine do) but, treats the underlying causes.
Ashwagandha is a short shrub growing 35 to 75 centimetres tall growing in and around the Indian subcontinent. It is also native to Northern Africa and the Middle East. As the growing benefits of the plant are becoming known, it is cultivated in temperate climates the world over including the United States of America. Although all parts of the plant are used for medicinal purposes, the roots and the stems are the main components of most medicines.

Why is it called Ashwagandha

The name Ashwagandha derives from Indian language of Sanskrit is a combination of two words, “Ashva”, meaning horse, and “gandha” meaning smell. The root, which is primarily used to prepare the medicine, has a smell akin to that of a “sweaty horse”. Ashwagandha is known to the scientific world by the name Withania somnifera. Commonly known as Indian Ginseng, Ashwagandha is a plant in the Solanaceae family ( a family which also includes the tomato)

Uses of Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha is one of the most widely used herbs in Ayurveda and Unani medicines and is beneficial in a wide range of ailments. Ashwagandha is considered to be a Rasayana Drug – that which rejuvenates the body. Ashwagandha is also known for enhancing the, “Dhi, Dhriti and Smriti” – the cognitive functions. It is used for treating fertility problems in both males and females and also as a mild aphrodisiac. A preparation of Ashwagandha in honey, sugar and ghee is widely used in premature ejaculation, low libido and erectile dysfunction with good results being reported.

Properties of Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha has four main properties, growth promoter, adaptogenic, anti-stress and an immunostimulant. Ashwagandha when taken with milk increases the haemoglobin content and also increases the absorption of Copper, Zinc and Potassium. Ashwagandha also increases the body weight and energy especially in emaciated children

Recent clinical trials have shown that Ashwagandha prevents the degeneration of neurons and nerves and thus should be helpful in Parkinsonism and Alzheimer’s disease. Of even greater significance and interest are some other studies on experimental animals which have shown the potential of Ashwagandha to stop cancer cells in their tracks. It is being concluded on the basis of these studies that Ashwagandha is more effective than doxorubicin in inhibiting breast and colon cancer growth. Another exciting finding is the ability of Ashwagandha to enhance the survival rates and life span of cancer patients.

Ashwagandha is Anti Aging

Another aspect of Ashwagandha which deserves a special mention is its anti-aging property and its ability to fight cold and cough. Ashwagandha is used as a topical application in conditions like skin ulcers, carbuncles, tumours etc with good results.

Diseases cured by Ashwagandha

Studies are also underway to evaluate the performance of Ashwagandha in Diabetes, impotency, cancer, rheumatism and arthritis, loss of memory, neurological problems and in constipation among other diseases.

As modern lifestyle changes and dietary imbalances play havoc with both the mental and physical health of the suffering masses, Ashwagandha with its multi-faceted uses is the focus of a slew of research activities aimed at discovering the uses of this hitherto neglected plant in attaining “Ojus” – a subtle and refined level of the human body which is the end result of properly digested and assimilated healthy food which in turn is responsible for physical and mental strength, a lustrous complexion, a strong and vibrant immune system and what we all crave the most – a sense of well being.
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